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Author(s) : T. Bauersachs, J. Compaore, E. C. Hopmans, L. J. Stal, S. Schouten and J. S. S. Damste
Title : Distribution of heterocyst glycolipids in cyanobacteria
Publication : Journal Article: Phytochemistry
Year : 2009


Keyword(s) :algae, anabaena sp., anabaena-cylindrica, calothrix sp., chemotaxonomy, envelope, esi-ms2, fatty-acids, heterocysts, long-chain glycolipids, n-2 fixation, nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria, nostocaceae, rivulariaceae
Abstracts : Thirty-four axenic strains of cyanobacteria were analysed for their glycolipid content using high performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/ESI-MS2). Species of the families Nostocaceae and Rivulariaceae, capable of biosynthesising heterocysts, contained a suite of glycolipids consisting of sugar moieties glycosidically bound to long-chain diols, triols, keto-ols and keto-diols. The aglycone moiety consisted Of C-26 or C-28 carbon-chains with hydroxyl groups at the C-3, omega-1 or omega-3 positions. Keto-ols and keto-diols contained their carbonyl functionalities likely at the C-3 position. These compounds were absent in all analysed unicellular and filamentous non-heterocystous cyanobacteria and in the heterocyst-forming cyanobacterium Anabaena CCY9922 grown in the presence of combined nitrogen, supporting the idea that the long-chain glycolipids are an important and unique structural component of the heterocyst cell envelope. The glycolipids 1-(O-hexose)-3,2 5-hexacosanediol and 1-(O-hexose)-3-keto-25-hexacosanol were ubiquitously distributed in species of the family Nostocaceae. 1-(O-hexose)-3,25,27-octacosanetriol and 1-(O-hexose)-3-keto-25,27-octacosanediol were dominant in members of the Calothrix genus, while traces of those compounds were detected only in one species of the Nostocaceae family. Their distribution in heterocystous cyanobacteria suggests a chemotaxonomic relevance that might allow distinguishing between species of different genera. Culture experiments indicate that the amount of keto-ols and keto-diols decreases relatively to their corresponding diols and triols counterparts with increasing temperature. Possibly, this is an adaptation to optimise the cell wall gas permeability, preventing inactivation of the oxygen-sensitive nitrogenase while allowing the highest diffusion of atmospheric dinitrogen into the heterocyst. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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